Raumfahrt - Erfolgreicher Start von ISRO`s PSLV-C37 mit 104 Satelliten


ISRO centres set for the record launch of 104 satellites at one go by February 15

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: In a path-breaking move, ISROcentres here are focussed on the next commercial launch of a record 104 satellites at one go on board its Polar SatelliteLaunch Vehicle (PSLV-C37) from Sriharikota by Feb 15. It will be followed by the launch of the South Asian satellite in March this year, which is pegged as the Prime Minister's pet project.

Scientists at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) and ISRO Inertial Systems Unit (IISU) here maintain that launching the maximum number of satellites will be a technological feat. In the payload of 104 satellites, 101 will be foreign satellites including the latest addition of a nano-satellite. Remaining three will be Indian satellites including the Cartosat series-2D with remote sensing high resolution camera which finds its application in defence and strategic purposes.

"Target of PSLV-C37 to launch the maximum number of satellites, tentatively on Feb 15 is not for creating a record or publicity, it is aimed at cutting the costs down. More the number of satellites launched in one mission, lesser the cost incurred. It benefits the user and is technologically a better choice," VSSC director K Sivan told TOI. Next will the South Asian satellite planned for launch in March this year, he said.

Till now, ISRO has launched the maximum 20 satellites at one go and it was on board PSLV-C34 on June 22 last year. While, Russia has launched a record 37 satellites in a single mission in 2014 and the US space agency NASA had launched 29 satellites at one go.

In January last week, ISRO had planned for the launch of 83 satellites including 80 foreign satellites. But, with additional foreign satellites, the launch of 104 satellites including 101 foreign satellites is planned for mid-Feb, LPSC director S Somnath told TOI.


"Of the 104 satellites, majority are small satellites. Novelty in the launch of many satellites is the algorithm developed with high precision number calibration to prevent any collision of the satellites during launch," Somnath said.

Proposed by the Prime Minister in November 2014 as a gift to the neighbouring countries, the South Asian satellite previously known as SAARC satellite project for geo-spatial, communication and telemedicine applications is planned for launch on board GSLV-Mark II in March. Last year, Pakistan opted out of the project. Apart from India, the satellite will benefit Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan.

After the South Asian Satellite, the next launch lined up in April is the GSLV-Mark III to place the indigenous communication satellite GSAT-19 in orbit. More PSLV launches are planned this year, at the rate of two in a month, the scientists said.

Quelle: The Times of India


Update: 6.02.2017


India to launch record 104 satellites next week



Image used for representational purpose only

BENGELURU: India will create history by launching a record 104 satellites, including 101 foreign ones, on February 15 from Sriharikota spaceport in Andhra Pradesh, an official said on Monday.

"We have tentatively decided to launch the satellites at one go around 9 a.m. into the sun-synchronous orbit, about 500 km above the earth," the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) official told IANS here.

Of the total earth-observation satellites, three are Indian, 88 are from the US and the remaining are from Israel, Kazakhstan, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates.

"A 320-tonne rocket -- Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C37) -- will launch all the satellites with a combined weight of 1,500 kg, including the 650 kg remote-sensing Cartosat-2 and two nano-satellites (IA and IB) weighing 15 kg each," the official said.

Though the Indian space agency had launched 20 satellites in one shot on June 22, 2016, the launch of 104 satellites will surpass the 37 satellites launch record set in June 2014 and 29 satellites launched by NASA in 2013.

Quelle: IANS


In ISRO’s launch of 104 satellites next week, 88 will be from U.S.


The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is on the cusp of making history when it sends 104 satellites into orbit on its PSLV-C37 rocket on February 15. Only three of them are Indian satellites.

Notably, in ISRO’s first mission of 2017, a single U.S. Earth imaging company, Planet, has made an eye-popping bulk booking for 88 of its small ‘cubesats’.

No space agency has launched such a large number of satellites in a single flight so far. (While ISRO’s PSLV launched 20 satellites last year, Russia’s Dnepr launcher holds the record for lifting 37 satellites to orbit in June 2014.)

The PSLV will carry a main remote-sensing satellite in the Cartosat-2 series and two small spacecraft, all for ISRO, and 101 small foreign commercial satellites.

The 88 cubesats are part of Planet’s earth observation constellation of 100 satellites. They weigh around 5 kg each and are called ‘Doves’ or Flock 3p. For California-based Planet, too, it will be the record largest number of cubesats to be flown in a single launch, according to one of its executives.

Planet, an earth observation company formed in 2010 by former NASA scientists, has chosen ISRO’s PSLV launch for the second time. It got its earlier set of 12 ‘Doves’ launched in June last year.

Cartosat-2 & INS-1

The main passenger on PSLV-C37 will be the fourth in the Cartosat-2 series, a very high resolution Earth observation satellite of about 650 kg, and occupies roughly half the space in the launch vehicle. It will carry two more Indian nano satellites, INS-1A and INS-1B, each weighing about 10 kg. They have a short lifespan of six to 12 months.

All the payloads will totally weigh around 1,500 kg, according to an ISRO official who did not want to be named. The 88 Doves would be released in sets of four cubesats. The other co-riders are cubesats or small specialised satellites of customers from Israel, the UAE, Kazakhstan, the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. They will be released separately into their orbits at around 500 km from Earth. While ISRO has been cagey about giving details of its customers,

Planet’s executive Mike Safyan announced on Friday, “In February, we are launching 88 satellites — the largest fleet of satellites launched in history. The Dove satellites, collectively known as “Flock 3p,” will ride aboard a PSLV rocket from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India.”


Biggest launch

“This is the 15th time Planet is launching Dove satellites; and it will be our biggest launch to date. Combined with the 12 satellites of Flock 2p operating in a similar orbit, this launch will enable Planet’s 100-satellite ‘line scanner’ constellation of Doves,” Mr. Safyan said.

Since September 2015, the PSLV has launched 18 small U.S. earth imaging satellites in a total of 79 foreign spacecraft — which earns it some revenue and an increasing global market share.

The Planet series comes even as COMSTAC, (Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee under the U.S. FAA) is considering if U.S. satellites can be sent to space on Indian launchers. Sources said PSLV’s U.S. clients were being approved on individual basis.

Quelle: The Hindu


Update: 14.02.2017


28-hour countdown for ISRO's record satellite launch begins

India will become the first country to script history if it succeeds in launching the 104 satellites in a single rocket.
Of 101 co-passenger satellites, 96 belong to USA, five from International customers of ISRO -- Israel, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, respectively.
 Of 101 co-passenger satellites, 96 belong to USA, five from International customers of ISRO -- Israel, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, respectively.

The 28-hour countdown for the launch of a record 104 satellites by India on board a single rocket from the spaceport of Sriharikota, about 125 km from here, is commenced today.

India will become the first country to script history if it succeeds in launching the 104 satellites in a single rocket.

The countdown for the launch of PSLV-C37/Cartosat2 Series satellite mission began at 5:28 AM soon after the Mission Readiness Review committee and Launch Authorisation Board gave its approval for lift off, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said.

Scientists have commenced filling of the propellant for the rocket, it said.

The space agency's trusted workhorse Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C37, on its 39th mission, would launch a record 104 satellites belonging to international customers.

What is significant about the launch is the number of satellites carried by a rocket. Compared to successful launch by the Russian Space Agency launching 37 satellites in one go, India will become the first country to script history if it succeeds in launching 104 satellites in a single rocket.

It will also be ISRO's second successful attempt after launching 23 satellites in one go in June 2015.

PSLV will first launch the 714 kg CARTOSAT-2 Series satellite for earth observation and then inject 103 co-passenger satellites, together weighing about 664 kg at lift-off into polar Sun Synchronous Orbit, about 520 km from Earth.

ISRO scientists have used the XL Variant -- the most powerful rocket -- earlier used in the ambitious Chandrayaan and during the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM).

Of 101 co-passenger satellites, 96 belong to USA, five from International customers of ISRO -- Israel, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, respectively.

Two other Indian nano satellites, totally weighing about 1,378 kg, will also ride piggyback in the rocket. The nano-satellites belonging to international customers are being launched as part of the arrangement by Antrix Corporation Ltd (ANTRIX) the commercial arm of the ISRO.

Cartosat-2 Series, which is the primary satellite, will be similar to the earlier four satellites in Cartosat-2 Series.

After coming into operation, it will provide remote sensing services. Images sent by it will be useful for coastal land use and regulation, road network monitoring,  distribution of water and creation of land use maps, among others. Cartosat-2 Series has a mission life of five years.

The two Indian Nano-satellites INS-1A and INS-1B were developed as co-passenger satellites to accompany bigger satellites on PSLV.

The primary objective of INS (ISRO Nano Satellite) is to provide an opportunity for ISRO technology demonstration payloads, provide a standard bus for launch on demand services.

INS-1A carries Surface Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function Radiometer and INS-1B caries Earth Exosphere Lyman Alpha Analyser as payloads.

Quelle: DECCAN Chronicle


Update: 15.02.2017 / 8.00 MEZ


PSLV-C37 Successfully Launches 104 Satellites in a Single Flight


In its thirty ninth flight (PSLV-C37), ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle successfully launched the 714 kg Cartosat-2 Series Satellite along with 103 co-passenger satellites today morning (February 15, 2017) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota. This is the thirty eighth consecutively successful mission of PSLV.  The total weight of all the 104 satellites carried on-board PSLV-C37 was 1378 kg.

PSLV-C37 lifted off at 0928 hrs (9:28 am) IST, as planned, from the First Launch Pad.  After a flight of  16 minutes 48 seconds, the satellites achieved a polar Sun Synchronous Orbit of 506 km inclined at an angle of 97.46 degree to the equator (very close to the intended orbit) and in the succeeding 12 minutes, all the 104 satellites successfully separated from the PSLV fourth stage in a predetermined sequence beginning with Cartosat-2 series satellite, followed by INS-1 and INS-2.  The total number of Indian satellites launched by PSLV now stands at 46.


After separation, the two solar arrays of Cartosat-2 series satellite were deployed automatically and ISRO's Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) at Bangalore took over the control of the satellite. In the coming days, the satellite will be brought to its final operational configuration following which it will begin to provide remote sensing services using its panchromatic (black and white) and multispectral (colour) cameras.

Of the 103 co-passenger satellites carried by PSLV-C37, two – ISRO Nano Satellite-1 (INS-1) weighing 8.4 kg and INS-2 weighing 9.7 kg – are technology demonstration satellites from India. 

The remaining 101 co-passenger satellites carried were international customer satellites from USA (96), The Netherlands (1), Switzerland (1), Israel (1), Kazakhstan (1) and UAE (1). 

With today’s successful launch, the total number of customer satellites from abroad launched by India’s workhorse launch vehicle PSLV has reached 180.


Frams von LIVE-Start:













Quelle: ISRO




Thanks to ISRO's history-making launch, Earth gets its own massive selfie cam

A network of palm-sized satellites currently in orbit have cameras that can take daily photos of almost any location on Earth. (Photo credit: Planet Labs)

88 of the 104 satellites that ISRO launched on 15 February form part of a network that delivers unprecedented Earth imaging capabilities 


India’s space organization ISRO made history by successfully inserting 104 satellites as part of a single launch today. Of the multitude of piggybacked satellites that comprised this launch, 88 of them are owned by a company called Planet Labs. And they aim to do something pretty spectacular with them--to create an earth-sized selfie camera that takes daily snapshots of virtually every part of the earth’s surface.

Planet Labs, based in San Francisco, offers geo-imaging services that are aimed at applications ranging from agriculture tracking, and construction, to deforestation and the effects of climate change. Businesses, developers and researchers utilize their services to obtain imagery of the earth that, unlike most other geo-imaging services, is updated daily. This dynamic stream of visual data depicts incremental changes on the earth’s surface -- from the flow of transport trucks to a factory, to changes in tree cover in timber operations. When accrued over a period of time, the composite visual information reveal insights about the planet’s surface that were previously impossible to perceive.

Each of the company’s palm-sized ‘CubeSats’ are 10 cubic centimeters (with a volume of exactly 1 liter,) and weigh in at about 1.3 kilos. Planet Labs has already deployed flocks of these satellites in the past, but today’s ISRO PSLV-C37 launch augments the largest number of these ‘Doves’ to their network, bringing it to over 100. The satellites are are maintained in heliosynchronous orbit, meaning they stay stationary with respect to the Sun while the Earth rotates beneath them. With this setup, each of the satellites effectively passes over the same spot above the Earth at the same time each day, enabling them to blanket virtually every square meter of our planet (except small polar regions) with imaging capability. Apart from this web of satellites that shoot regular photos, there are others in different orbits that are capable of capturing information across other spectral wavelengths as well.

Most geo-imaging services aim to maximize resolution, being able to discern details as small as half a meter on the surface of the Earth. While the Planet Labs satellites are less capable -- each having a resolution of 5 meters -- they make up in frequency and low cost what they forfeit in optical resolution. This unique attribute enables observing changes on the surface of our planet like never before, helping companies formulate more efficient logistics, or arming geologists with observable changes in terrestrial features over week, months and years.

The company also offers the facility to ‘drill down’ to gain more detailed information -- their recent purchase of seven satellites from Google’s Terra Bella division gives them the ability to resolve down to 1 meter, should a specific area of a daily scan require a sharper view.

Quelle: DNA



Update 19.00 MEZ


ISRO Sets Historic World Record, Launches 104 Satellites In One Go

ISRO Sets Historic World Record, Launches 104 Satellites In One Go

ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C37, also completed its 39th mission today.

NEW DELHI:  ISRO, or Indian Space Research Organisation, today created history when it launched 104 satellites on the PSLV-C37 rocket from Andhra Pradesh's Sriharikota spaceport today. The countdown for the launch had begun 28 hours before the scheduled launch at 9.28 am.

This is the highest number of satellites ever launched in a single mission. With this feat, India broke the previous record when Russia sent 37 satellites in 2014. ISRO, interestingly, launched 67 more satellites today than Russia did in their single mission. ISRO had earlier successfully attempted to launch 23 satellites in a single rocket in June, 2015.

ISRO launched a record 104 satellites on a single rocket from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.

While the Cartosat-2 series satellite, weighing 718 kg, was injected space, the other 103 nano satellites were subsequently injected within a time span of 28 minutes. Most of the 103 satellites belonged to international countries - Kazakhstan, United Arab Emirates, Israel, Netherlands among others. Ninety-six of these satellites, however, belonged to the United States.

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C37, also completed its 39th mission today.

"All 104 satellites successfully placed in Orbit. My hearty congratulations to the entire ISRO team for the wonderful job they have done," said ISRO chief AS Kiran Kumar, amidst loud cheers from the other scientists.
isro world record launch afp
Following the successful mission, President Pranab Mukherjee and Prime Minister Narendra Modi were among the first to applaud ISRO.
Quelle: NDTV



Raumfahrt+Astronomie-Blog von CENAP 0