Artist’s illustration of Sierra Nevada's Dream Chaser space plane in Earth orbit.
Credit: Sierra Nevada Corporation

A private space plane is set to fly the United Nations' first-ever space mission five years from now.

Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) and the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) are teaming up to launch a two-week robotic mission to low-Earth orbit in 2021 using the company's Dream Chaser spacecraft, representatives of both organizations announced Tuesday (Sept. 27).

"One of UNOOSA's core responsibilities is to promote international cooperation in the peaceful use of outer space," UNOOSA Director Simonetta Di Pippo said in a statement

"I am proud to say that one of the ways UNOOSA will achieve this, in cooperation with our partner SNC, is by dedicating an entire microgravity mission to United Nations member states, many of which do not have the infrastructure or financial backing to have a stand-alone space program," she added.


Sierra Nevada Corporation is developing its Dream Chaser spaceplane to ferry astronauts to Earth orbit and to the International Space Station. <a href=See how the Dream Chaser space plane works in this infographic." data-options-closecontrol="true" data-options-fullsize="true" />

The 2021 mission is targeted primarily at developing nations, but any U.N. member states can apply to put a payload on board. Nations whose experiments are chosen will be asked to foot part of the mission's total bill, though poorer countries will likely receive a price break, Sierra Nevada representatives said. UNOOSA and Sierra Nevada are also looking for sponsors to help fund the mission.

Over the next year, the two organizations will hash out details of the mission, which "will provide United Nations member states with the ability to access space in a cost-effective and collaborative manner within a few short years," Di Pippo said. "The possibilities are endless."

The 30-foot-long (9 meters) Dream Chaser looks like a much smaller version of NASA's now-retired space shuttle orbiter. Like the space shuttle, Dream Chaser launches vertically, lands horizontally on a runway and is reusable.

Dream Chaser can carry up to seven passengers, but it's also a cargo-hauling craft; indeed, NASA recently selected the uncrewed version of Dream Chaser to provide resupply and trash-disposal services to the International Space Station.

Quelle: SC


Update: 27.01.2017



Dream Chaser Spacecraft Arrives at NASA Armstrong

Sierra Nevada Corporation's space vehicle suspends in a hangar at NASA's Armstrong to undergo testing.
Sierra Nevada Corporation's space vehicle suspends in a hangar at NASA's Armstrong to undergo testing.
Credits: NASA Photo / Ken Ulbrich

Sierra Nevada Corporation delivered its Dream Chaser spacecraft Wednesday to NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center in California, located on Edwards Air Force Base. The spacecraft will undergo several months of testing at the center in preparation for its approach and landing flight on the base's 22L runway.


The test series is part of a developmental space act agreement SNC has with NASA’s Commercial Crew Program. The upcoming test campaign will help SNC validate the aerodynamic properties, flight software and control system performance of the Dream Chaser.


The Dream Chaser is also being prepared to deliver cargo to the International Space Station under NASA’s Commercial Resupply Services 2 (CRS2) contract beginning in 2019. The data that SNC gathers from this test campaign will help influence and inform the final design of the cargo Dream Chaser, which will fly at least six cargo delivery missions to and from the space station by 2024.

Top Image: SNC delivers Dream Chaser to NASA Armstrong posing it with the HL-10 lifting body flown the 1960s (NASA Photo / Ken Ulbrich).

The Dream Chaser spacecraft pictured in California's desert as it heads to Edwards Air Force Base.
The Dream Chaser spacecraft pictured in California's desert as it heads to Edwards Air Force Base.
Credits: NASA Photo / Ken Ulbrich
Quelle: NASA
Update: 28.01.2017

PHOTOS: Dream Chaser Delivered to Edwards AFB for Next Flight Test

Sierra Nevada Corporation’s Dream Chaser spacecraft was delivered to NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center this week, where it will undergo several months of testing in preparation for its second approach and landing flight. The data SNC gathers from this test campaign will help influence and inform the final design of the cargo Dream Chaser, which will fly at least six cargo delivery missions to and from the International Space Station for NASA by 2024. A crew version could become a reality one day as well. Photo Credit: NASA / Ken Ulbrich

It has been just over a year now since NASA announced the winners of their multi-billion dollar second round of Commercial Resupply Services (CRS-2) contracts to resupply the International Space Station (ISS) from 2019 through 2024. SpaceX and Orbital ATK both secured contracts, but Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC), who was not selected by NASA for a big commercial crew contract in 2014, was awarded a CRS-2 cargo contract too, allowing for the dream of their Dream Chaser spaceplane to now become a reality.

This week SNC took another significant step towards that reality, delivering an engineering test article of their “mini shuttle” to NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center in California, located at Edwards Air Force Base, where it will now undergo several months of testing in preparation for its next approach and landing flight test on the base’s 22L runway.

The Dream Chaser test article in autonomous free flight over NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base in California Saturday, October 26, 2013. Photo Credit: SNC

SNC put their test article through its first free flight Approach and Landing test, ALT-1, at Armstrong three years ago, and the test went about as good as SNC could have hoped for, until the command was given to deploy its landing gear. Only two of its three gear deployed, causing the vehicle to skid off the runway upon landing, sustaining minor structural damage.

The problem was traced to a mechanical issue with the specific landing gear, rather than something related to bad software (none of the primary systems that gave the commands that control the flight failed or had any problems).

“The 99% of the flight that we really wanted to get  – which was does this vehicle fly, is it able to be controlled, does the software work, can we autonomously fly the vehicle in to approach and land on a runway – all that was 100% successful,” said Mark Sirangelo, corporate vice president, SNC’s Space Systems.

“In fact, we probably performed better than the original test standards were meant to be.”

SNC has made significant structural and systems improvements to the test article since, including the composite wings and aeroshells, and invested heavily in maturing the vehicle’s orbital avionics, guidance navigation and control, the flight software, and employed a number of new processes, all of which will be used on the orbital vehicle as well. The advanced orbital Thermal Protection System (TPS) was installed on the vehicle’s skid too, in order to do advanced testing of the actual orbital TPS.

The test article will not only aid development of the orbital cargo vehicles to support NASA’s CRS-2 requirements, but will aid the development of a crewed version as well. Both cargo and crew variants share an 85% commonality, and the cargo-version can actually be made crew ready if NASA needed it.

Should NASA offer up another round of Commercial Crew contracts in 2020, SNC will put in a bid for their crew-version Dream Chaser.

SNC hopes to get everything they need out of the upcoming ALT-2 test, but will fly more to validate the aerodynamic properties, flight software and control system performance of the spacecraft if needed.

In the historic hangar where the Enterprise shuttle got tested, the Dream Chaser® space plane gets ready for its own testing. Photo Credit: NASA / Ken Ulbrich

With the addition of orbital avionics to the test article, the same the actual orbital CRS-2 vehicle will use on missions to and from the ISS, SNC will earn direct certification credit out of the upcoming flight test series from NASA. All the testing and certifications will happen on the ground and within the atmosphere, therefore eliminating the need for an orbital flight test.

The first Dream Chaser launch will be an operational CRS-2 mission for NASA, and the company says it will be ready for that flight atop a ULA Atlas-V rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fla. in the first half of 2019.

When that first Dream Chaser arrives in Florida in about two years, it will be processed at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Operations and Checkout Building (O&C), then transported to nearby Launch Complex-41 for launch. It will then fly to dock or berth at the ISS and remain for up to 200 days, before returning to Earth and going back to the O&C to be readied for its next flight.

SNC technicians inspect the Dream Chaser engineering test article (ETA ahead of its second flight test program, expected to begin soon at Edwards AFB in California. Photo Credit: SNC

A lot of other factors go into turnaround times between flights, but the spacecraft itself will be turned around in less than 60 days, implying a flight rate of up to 4-6 missions per vehicle.

However Dream Chaser is also capable of landing on virtually any runway at least 8,000 feet long, anywhere around the world, without requiring specialized equipment. With a propulsion system fueled by Nitrous Oxide and propane, ground crews will have immediate access to the spacecraft after landing, with only 10-20 minutes needed to exit the runway, keeping conflicts with other aircraft to a minimum.

And being as small as it is, it can be loaded on small cargo planes for shipment virtually anywhere.

This all makes the spacecraft an attractive option for commercial companies who want to launch everything from science experiments to cubesats, so SNC has been looking into landing at commercial airports for some time, having launched their “Dream Chaser-Preferred Landing Site Program” to work with spaceports and commercial airports to become designated landing sites.

Midland, Texas, International Air and Space Port recently achieved the first step toward becoming an approved landing site for Dream Chaser commercial missions, and is now considered a compatible landing site by SNC.

All Dream Chasers, whether serving commercial or NASA missions, would use KSC facilities for vehicle processing.

Dream Chaser has been a long time coming. Originally based off a Russian heritage design called the Bor 4, NASA Langley put in thousands of hours of research into the vehicle in the 80′ and 90’s, when the agency was looking for an emergency return vehicle from the ISS. The agency completed a couple different designs, one being the HL-20 (now the Dream Chaser), and created the control laws to fly it (and had a lot of astronauts come in to try it and fly it as well).

Eventually, NASA abandoned those plans completely, leaving astronauts to rely exclusively on the space shuttle and Russian Soyuz as the emergency vehicles for the ISS


BELOW: Photos of the Dream Chaser test article arriving at NASA Armstrong Flight Research Center at Edwards AFB, CA. Photos Credit: NASA / Ken Ulbrich




Samstag, 28. Januar 2017 - 11:00 Uhr

Astronomie - Weltraumteleskop eROSITA Update-1


Weltraumteleskop eROSITA fertiggestellt

Röntgeninstrument wird zum Satellitenhersteller nach Russland transportiert




  • Das Röntgenteleskop eROSITA ist nun startbereit und ging am 20. Januar 2017 an Bord eines Frachtflugzeugs auf die Reise nach Moskau.
  • Wissenschaftler rechnen damit, dass rund 100.000 Galaxienhaufen nachgewiesen werden, aus deren Verteilung Rückschlüsse über Struktur und zeitlichen Entwicklung des Universums gezogen werden können.
  • Im Jahr 2018 wird eROSITA an Bord von SRG mit einer Proton-Rakete vom russischen Startplatz Baikonur in Kasachstan ins All starten.

Das Röntgenteleskop eROSITA ist nun startbereit: Nicht in den Weltraum, aber nach Moskau ging die Reise am 20. Januar 2017 an Bord eines Frachtflugzeugs für das Hauptinstrument der russisch-deutschen Weltraummission Spectrum-Roentgen-Gamma (SRG). Das Instrument des Max-Planck-Instituts für Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), das vom Deutschen Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) gefördert wird, soll den gesamten Himmel in bisher nicht erreichter Präzision durchmustern und so tiefere Einblicke in die Struktur des Universums und Hinweise auf die Natur der Dunklen Energie liefern. Im Jahr 2018 wird eROSITA an Bord von SRG mit einer Proton-Rakete vom russischen Startplatz Baikonur in Kasachstan ins All starten.

Beobachtungsposten in 1,5 Millionen Kilometern Entfernung zur Erde

Grünes Licht für den Transport gab es bereits am 12. Januar 2017: "Nach Abschluss einer ausgiebigen Testphase, in der das Instrument unter Weltraumbedingungen auf Herz und Nieren untersucht und den Belastungen eines Raketenstarts ausgesetzt wurde, hat ein Team unter Leitung des DLR Raumfahrtmanagements die Testergebnisse überprüft", so DLR-Programmleiter Hartmut Scheuerle. "Dabei wurde festgestellt, dass das Instrument alle Anforderungen erfüllt und der Übergabe an den russischen Satellitenhersteller Lavochkin nichts mehr im Wege steht."

In Moskau angekommen wird eROSITA in einem Reinraum des Raumfahrtunternehmens NPO S.A. Lavochkin zusammen mit dem russischen Teleskop ART-XC in die Raumfähre Spectrum Roentgen Gamma integriert werden. In den nächsten Monaten finden Tests mit dem Gesamtsystem statt, in denen unter anderem das Zusammenspiel der einzelnen Komponenten überprüft wird. Nach seinem Start wird sich SRG auf die Reise zu seinem künftigen Beobachtungsposten im All, dem zweiten Lagrange-Punkt (L2) machen, der sich in etwa 1,5 Millionen Kilometer Entfernung von der Erde befindet.

Neu entdeckte Galaxienhaufen erlauben Rückschlüsse auf die Struktur des Universums

Von dort aus begibt sich das Instrument auf die Suche nach bisher unentdeckten Himmelskörpern. Da eROSITA wesentlich empfindlicher ist als frühere Instrumente, rechnen Wissenschaftler damit, dass rund 100.000 Galaxienhaufen nachgewiesen werden, aus deren Verteilung Rückschlüsse über die Struktur des Universums und zu seiner zeitlichen Entwicklung gezogen werden können. Damit erhofft man sich Hinweise auf die Natur der "Dunklen Energie", jenes mysteriösen Phänomens, welches das Universum beschleunigt expandieren lässt. Das Teleskop wird aber auch eine Fülle anderer Objekte entdecken, wie Materie schluckende Schwarze Löcher, Neutronensterne oder die Gasreste explodierter Supernovae.

Sieben Spiegelmodule sammeln Lichtteilchen aus dem All

Das Röntgenteleskop eROSITA besteht aus sieben parallel ausgerichteten identischen Spiegelmodulen mit jeweils 54 ineinander geschachtelten, vergoldeten Spiegeln. Diese sammeln hochenergetische Photonen und leiten diese an die Röntgenkameras weiter, die im Brennpunkt eines jeden Spiegelmoduls platziert sind. Für maximale Leistung müssen diese Kameras mit einem komplexen Rohrsystem auf -90 Grad Celsius gekühlt werden. Damit ist sichergestellt, dass eROSITA 25-mal empfindlicher ist als das ROSAT-Teleskop, das in den 90er Jahren die erste tiefe Himmelsdurchmusterung im Röntgenbereich durchführte.

Der Startschuss für das Projekt eROSITA war im Frühjahr 2007 gefallen, als das DLR Raumfahrtmanagement und die russischen Raumfahrtagentur Roskosmos eine Vereinbarung über den Mitflug des Instruments im Rahmen der russischen Mission "Spectrum-Roentgen-Gamma" unterzeichneten. Entwickelt und gebaut wurde eROSITA unter Federführung des Max-Planck-Instituts für Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE) in Garching. Beiträge zu Software, Hardware, Missionsplanung und Computersimulationen kamen auch vom Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik der Universitäten Tübingen, von der Sternwarte der Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, der Sternwarte der Universität Hamburg und dem Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik in Potsdam. Das DLR Raumfahrtmanagement fördert das Projekt eROSITA mit Mitteln des Bundesministeriums für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi) und ist in programmatischen Fragen zur Spektrum-Roentgen-Gamma Mission Ansprechpartner der russischen Raumfahrtagentur Roskosmos.

Quelle: DLR


Update: 28.01.2017


Germany’s eRosita telescope for Spektr-RG space observatory delivered to Russia for tests

MOSCOW, German eRosita X-ray telescope for the Spektr-RG Russian space observatory was delivered to NPO Lavochkin [observatory maker - TASS] in Moscow Region and its tests have started already, Director of Space Research Institute Lev Zelenyi told TASS on Friday.
"The instrument from Germany was delivered to Russia just recently. It already undergoes tests in NPO Lavochkin. Integration of the German instrument with the observatory will start after tests. It will take a year," Zelenyi said.
Spektr-RG is the orbital astrophysics observatory comprising two X-ray reflecting telescopes: German eRosita and Russian ART-XC. The main goal of the project is to study the Universe in the relevant range, search and classification of the massive galactic clusters and active galactic nuclei in the observed Universe.
It was reported earlier the observatory is scheduled to be launched in March 2018.

Quelle: TASS


Samstag, 28. Januar 2017 - 10:30 Uhr

Raumfahrt - Erfolgreicher Start von ESA Soyuz-2.1b VS16 mit Hispasat 36W-Satelliten


Soyuz rolled to launch pad for first geostationary launch from French Guiana

A Soyuz rocket was transferred to the launch pad in French Guiana on Tuesday for a flight at the end of the week with the Hispasat 36W-1 communications satellite. Credit: ESA–Stephane Corvaja, 2017

A Russian-built Soyuz rocket moved to its launch pad on the northeastern coast of South America on Tuesday ahead of a Friday night flight with a Spanish-owned communications satellite to relay video and broadband signals between the Americas and Europe.

The three-stage Soyuz-2.1b rocket rolled out of its integration building at the Guiana Space Center — known by the Russian acronym MIK — Tuesday morning for the 2,300-foot (700-meter) journey to the launch pad. After passing through the pad’s mobile service gantry, the rocket was erected vertical and the moveable structure surrounded the booster to give workers access for final launch preparations.

The Hispasat 36W-1 communications craft, already fueled and closed up inside the Soyuz rocket’s payload fairing, arrived at the launch pad later Tuesday for attachment atop the vehicle. The payload composite also includes the Fregat upper stage needed to send the satellite into its intended orbit.

With a launch weight of about 7,100 pounds (3,220 kilograms) the Hispasat 36W-1 spacecraft is the first of a new type of satellite design made by OHB System AG and funded by the European Space Agency.

The satellite also will test out a new digital processor and antenna design developed by Spanish industry.

The Hispasat 36W-1 communications satellite and the Fregat upper stage, already encapsulated inside the Soyuz rocket’s fairing, is seen before shipment to the launch pad for attachment to the booster. ESA/CNES/Arianespace – Photo Optique Video du CSG – S. Martin

The “SmallGEO” program managed by ESA, with technical development led by OHB, is a public-private partnership intended to give European industry a new spacecraft product offering, making the continent more competitive in building medium-class satellites.

Madrid-based Hispasat signed on to the program to purchase the first SmallGEO spacecraft for a 15-year mission providing cellular backhaul, video, broadband and data network services over Europe, the Canary Islands and South America.

The launch is scheduled for 0103:34 GMT Saturday (8:03:34 p.m. EST; 10:03:34 p.m. French Guiana time Friday), one of two instantaneous launch opportunities available each day. If a problem prevents launch at that time, another preset launch opportunity is available at 0136:34 GMT (8:36:34 p.m. EST; 10:36:34 p.m. French Guiana time).

The Soyuz rocket is lifted vertical after arriving at its launch pad Tuesday. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace – Photo Optique Video du CSG – P. Baudon

Friday night’s mission will be the 16th time a Soyuz rocket has lifted off from French Guiana since the venerable Russian launcher entered service there for Arianespace in October 2011. It will be the first time a Soyuz rocket launch from the tropical Guiana Space Center has gone into geostationary transfer orbit, the favored target for large telecommunications satellites.

Arianespace’s larger Ariane 5 rocket takes in most of the launch provider’s geostationary satellite business, but officials agreed to launch Hispasat 36W-1 on the smaller Soyuz to avoid delays in finding a slot later this year on the Ariane 5’s busy manifest.

Another geostationary communications satellite, SES 15, will launch on another Soyuz mission from French Guiana in early April.

More images of Tuesday morning’s rollout are posted below.

Credit: ESA–Stephane Corvaja, 2017
Credit: ESA–Stephane Corvaja, 2017
Credit: ESA–Stephane Corvaja, 2017
Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace – Photo Optique Video du CSG – P. Baudon
Credit: ESA–Stephane Corvaja, 2017
Credit: ESA–Stephane Corvaja, 2017
Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace – Photo Optique Video du CSG – P. Baudon
Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace – Photo Optique Video du CSG – P. Baudon
Credit: ESA–Stephane Corvaja, 2017
Credit: ESA–Stephane Corvaja, 2017
Credit: ESA–Stephane Corvaja, 2017

Quelle: SN


The Soyuz launcher for Arianespace’s year-opening mission rolled out to the launch pad in French Guiana today, readying the vehicle to receive its Hispasat 36W-1 payload for a nighttime liftoff from the Spaceport on January 27.


Quelle: arianespace


Update: 26.01.2017



The Launch Readiness Review (RAL) took place in Kourou on Thursday, January 26, 2017 and authorized count-down operations for the Hispasat 36W-1

For its year-opening launch of 2017, Arianespace will orbit the Hispasat 36W-1 geostationary satellite for the Spanish operator Hispasat using a Soyuz launch vehicle.

Designated Flight VS16 in Arianespace’s launcher family numbering system, this mission will be the first-ever mission to geostationary transfer orbit performed by Soyuz from the Guiana Space Center in French Guiana.
Hispasat 36W-1 is the first satellite to be built using Europe’s new “SmallGEO” platform developed by OHB System AG (Germany) under ESA’s ARTES (Advanced Research in Telecommunications Systems) program.

The liftoff will be from the Soyuz Launch Complex (ELS) in Sinnamary, French Guiana (South America).



Liftoff is scheduled for Friday, January 27, 2017 at exactly:

> 22:03:34 p.m., local time in French Guiana

> 20:03:34 p.m., in Washington, D.C

> 01:03:34, Universal Time (UTC) on January 28

> 02:03:34 a.m., in Paris on January 28

> 04:03:34 a.m., in Moscow on January 28
Webcast starts 15 minutes before. You can also watch the video transmission live on your iPad, iPhone or Android 4+ devices, the Arianespace HD App is available for free. Follow the lauch live:


Quelle: arianespace 


Update: 27.01.2017


Hispasat 36W-1 is integrated on Soyuz for Friday’s medium-lift Arianespace mission from the Spaceport

The Soyuz for Arianespace’s first mission of 2017 from the Spaceport in French Guiana is now complete, following its “topping off” with the Hispasat 36W-1 telecommunications satellite.

Hispasat 36W-1’s installation on Soyuz is a key preparation step for Arianespace’s Flight VS16

The Hispasat 36W-1 satellite, encapsulated in Soyuz’ ST-type payload fairing along with the Fregat upper stage, arrives on the launch pad (photo, left) and is hoisted inside the mobile gantry for installation atop the launch vehicle (photo at right).

Integration of Hispasat 36W-1 occurred in the mobile gantry on the Spaceport’s ELS launch pad, with this three-metric-ton-category relay platform encapsulated in Soyuz’ ST-type payload fairing along with the Fregat upper stage.

All is now ready for the final checkout and tomorrow’s Launch Readiness Review, which will clear the way for a January 27 nighttime departure of the medium-lift mission, designated Flight VS16 in Arianespace’s launcher family numbering system.

Soyuz’ first Spaceport mission to GTO

Hispasat 36W-1 is the initial telecommunications satellite to use a SmallGEO series platform, developed under the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Advanced Research in Telecommunications Systems (ARTES) program. It was designed and manufactured by Germany’s OHB System AG.

After reaching the 36 deg. West orbital position, Hispasat 36W-1 is to be operated by Hispasat – a world leader in Spanish and Portuguese broadcasting, providing relay coverage and multimedia services for continental Europe, the Canary Islands and South America.

Flight VS16 will be the 16th liftoff of a Soyuz since its 2011 introduction at the Spaceport, and marks launcher’s first mission to geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) from French Guiana.

The mission’s nominal duration is 32 minutes, 10 seconds, with the liftoff set at exactly:

– 22:03:34, local time in French Guiana on January 27,
– 01:03:34, Universal Time (UTC) on January 28,
– 02:03:34, in Paris on January 28.


Soyuz is “GO” for Arianespace’s first launch of 2017

Arianespace’s year-opening mission has been approved for liftoff tomorrow night from the Spaceport in French Guiana, using a Soyuz to place the Hispasat 36W-1 telecommunications relay platform into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO).

VS16 launch kit cover

The authorization for this mission, designated Flight VS16 in Arianespace’s numbering system, was given today following the Launch Readiness Review, which validated the “go” status of Soyuz and its three-metric-ton-category satellite passenger, along with the Spaceport’s infrastructure and network of ground-based tracking stations.

This will be the first of up to 12 missions planned in 2017 by Arianespace, utilizing its medium-lift Soyuz, heavy-lift Ariane 5 and lightweight Vega launchers.

Underscoring Arianespace’s reactivity, the launch services provider is planning six of its 2017 missions during a three-month timeframe from tomorrow’s liftoff of Flight VS16 through the second half of April.

A new Soyuz launch profile from Sinnamary

Flight VS16’s 32-minute mission profile with Hispasat 36W-1 will mark the first use of Soyuz from French Guiana in a GTO payload deployment from French Guiana.

The fully-assembled Soyuz for tomorrow’s mission is on the ELS launch pad, located in the Spaceport’s northwestern sector within the commune of Sinnamary. It is protected by a 53-meter-tall mobile gantry, which will be rolled back at 1 hour, 10 minutes prior to liftoff.

Hispasat 36W-1 is the initial telecommunications satellite built with a SmallGEO series spacecraft platform, developed under the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Advanced Research in Telecommunications Systems (ARTES) program. The satellite was designed and manufactured by Germany’s OHB System AG.


Update: 21.23 MEZ



Update: 28.01.2017

Frams von Soyuz-VS16 Start:
































Quelle: arianespace




Freitag, 27. Januar 2017 - 18:30 Uhr

Raumfahrt-History - 1990 Space-Shuttle STS-36 Atlantis Mission



Mission: Department of Defense
Space Shuttle: Atlantis
Launch Pad: 39A 
Launch Weight: Classified
Launched: February 28, 1990, 2:50:22 a.m. EST
Landing Site: Edwards Air Force Base, Calif.
Landing: March 4, 1990, 10:08:44 a.m. PST
Landing Weight: 87,200 pounds
Runway: 23 
Rollout Distance: 7,900 feet
Rollout Time: 53 seconds
Revolution: 72
Mission Duration: 4 days, 10 hours, 18 minutes, 22 seconds
Returned to KSC: March 13, 1990
Orbit Altitude: 132 nautical miles
Orbit Inclination: 62 degrees
Miles Traveled: 1.9 million 

Crew Members

                   STS-36 Crew Photo

Image above: STS-36 Crew photo with Commander John O. Creighton, Pilot John H. Casper, Mission Specialists Richard M. MullaneDavid C. Hilmers and Pierre J. Thuot. Image Credit: NASA 

Launch Highlights

STS-36 Mission PatchThe launch set for February 22 was postponed to February 23, February 24, and February 25 due to illness of the crew commander and weather conditions. It was the first time since Apollo 13 in 1970 that a manned space mission was affected by the illness of a crew member. The launch was set for February 25 and scrubbed due to a malfunction of a range safety computer. The launch was reset for February 26 and scrubbed again due to weather conditions (Note: external tank loaded only for launch attempts on February 25 and 26, and launch on February 28). The launch on February 28 was set for a classified window lying within a launch period extending from 12 midnight to 4 a.m. EST.

Mission Highlights

Sixth mission dedicated to the Department of Defense.
S89-47966 (23 Oct. 1989) --- STS-36 crew members, wearing launch and entry suits, take a break from their emergency egress training to pose for an informal crew portrait in front of the Crew Compartment Trainer (CCT) at the Johnson Space Center. Left to right are Pilot John H. Casper, Commander John O. Creighton, Mission Specialists Pierre J. Thuot, Richard M. Mullane and David C. Hilmers. The crew members were practicing egress procedures necessary in the event of an emergency aboard the space shuttle. The CCT is located in JSC's Space Vehicle Mock-up Facility. Photo credit: NASA
STS-36 | Shuttle: Atlantis | Launch: February 28, 1990
From left to right: Pierre J. Thuot (mission specialist), John H. Casper (pilot), John O. Creighton (commander), Richard M. Mullane (mission specialist), David. C. Hilmers (mission specialist)

STS-36 :: Feb. 28-March 4, 1990

Space shuttle Atlantis during its rollout from the Vehicle Assembly Building in late Jan. 1990. Atlantis took its sixth flight on STS-36 a month later when it launched from Launch Pad 39A on Feb. 28. The 34th mission in the program lasted four days and carried a payload for the U.S. Department of Defense. The crew consisted of Commander John O. Creighton, Pilot John H. Casper and Mission Specialists Pierre J. Thuot, David C. Hilmers and Richard M. Mullane. Atlantis landed on March 4 at Edwards Air Force Base.


 Aerial view of STS-36 Atlantis, OV-104, at KSC LC Pad 39A with T-38A inflight - Credit: NASA.




STS-36 onboard view of the "Bonner Sphere", a neutron flux experiment - Credit: NASA.


STS-36 night Earth observation of New York City, New York - Credit: NASA.



Frams von STS-36 Atlantis Mission NASA-Video:






















































Quelle: NASA




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