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Raumfahrt - Korea successfully flight-tests rocket engine

29.11.2018

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Korea successfully test-launched a first-stage rocket booster powered by a domestically developed engine, Wednesday, paving the way for the development of the nation's first space vehicle entirely designed and built in the country.

The 75-ton-thrust engine was fired up and launched the first-stage rocket at the Naro Space Center in Goheung, South Jeolla Province, at 4 p.m., as part of the country's long-term project to launch the Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 (KSLV-2), dubbed Nuri, in 2021.

The Ministry of Science and ICT said it achieved an engine burn-time of 151 seconds, which exceeded its goal.

It earlier said the test launch would be considered a success if the engine maintained a burn-time of about 140 seconds.

The test rocket also reached a maximum altitude of 209 kilometers, 319 seconds after liftoff, and safely landed in international waters southeast of Jeju Island.

The ministry and the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) verified the engine's performance and flight control systems during the test.

"Through the test launch today, we confirmed that technical preparations for the development of the KSLV-2 are going smoothly. We will have our own space vehicle in 2021," said a ministry official. "We applaud the efforts of researchers of KARI and other experts who have participated in the development."

The ministry noted it will further analyze data from the test to confirm details of the performance of the engine, adding the government will continue to give its efforts to develop space technologies that will contribute to the nation's economic growth.

The test rocket was transported to the launch pad, Tuesday.

Officials of the ministry and the KARI held a meeting later that day and checked the results of a rehearsal.

The ministry and KARI had initially planned to conduct the first test-flight, Oct. 25, but this was delayed due to mechanical problems.

At the time, the ministry said problems arose in the rocket propellant pressurization system.

The three-stage KSLV-2 rocket is scheduled to be launched in 2021, with four Korea-developed booster engines being used in the first stage and one in the second stage.

If successful, the KSLV-2 will be used to place unmanned satellites in orbit and for other commercial applications.


Quelle: The Korea Times

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 S. Korea successfully tests space rocket engine

GOHEUNG, South Korea, Nov. 28 (Yonhap) -- South Korea successfully tested its locally developed rocket engine on Wednesday, officials said, taking a step closer to the full-fledged development of the country's first space launch vehicle.

The test of the 75-ton thrust engine was conducted using a single-stage rocket that was launched from the Naro Space Center in Goheung, South Jeolla Province, at 4:00 p.m.

The rocket engine, designed and developed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), will be used on the three-stage Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 (KSLV-2) currently under development.

The 75-ton thrust engine is considered a core technology behind the KSLV-2, which would make South Korea the seventh country in the world to build a space launch vehicle with homegrown technology.

The Ministry of Science and ICT and KARI said the critical rocket motor combustion time was maintained for 151 seconds, surpassing an initial goal of 140 seconds.

KARI said evaluating the performance of a liquid propellant rocket engine is determined by the length of the total combustion time.

The rocket flew for about 10 minutes after reaching a maximum suborbital altitude of 209 kilometers and hit the ocean 429 kilometers southeast of the country's southern resort island of Jeju.

 

Lee Jin-kyu, the vice science minister, talks to reporters on Nov. 28, 2018, to brief them about the successful test of its locally developed rocket engine. (Yonhap)
South Korea's single-stage 75-ton rocket lifts off from the Naro Space Center in Goheung, South Jeolla Province, at around 4:00 p.m. on Nov. 28, 2018. (Yonhap)

 

 

"We have confirmed the flight of the 75-ton engine after analyzing all available information," Lee Jin-kyu, the vice science minister, said. "The development of the space engine is considered a core technology and the most difficult test for the development of a South Korean launch vehicle."

So far, the country has relied on foreign launch vehicles for suborbital satellites. The successful launch of the KSLV-2 would open a new opportunity to enter the commercial space launch market.

Currently, only six countries -- the United States, Russia, France (the EU), Japan, China and India -- possess the technology for the development of such space vehicles, the ministry said.

Meanwhile, ten countries -- the six aforementioned nations along with the Ukraine, Israel, North Korea, and Iran -- currently have the technology for such rocket engines.

The performance of the new engine, including its flight controls and thrust units, was closely monitored during the flight, with no abnormalities detected, official said.

The test launch was earlier suspended for 10 months when abnormal readings were detected in the rocket propellant pressurization system.

KARI said it has changed the construction of its engine over 20 times and conducted ground-based combustion tests more than 100 times to confirm the viability of the engine.

KARI said four of the indigenous thrust engines will be grouped together on the first stage and one on the second stage of the KSLV-2, the ministry said. The whole rocket is scheduled to blast off in 2021.

The KSLV-2 rocket is to be South Korea's first space vehicle wholly designed and built in the country. It will be used to place unmanned satellites into the Earth's orbit and for other commercial applications.

The launch is the first time in nearly five years that South Korea has showcased its active space program, following the launch of the KSLV-1 from the Naro in 2013.

The government said it is pushing forward a plan to build a space rocket center near the center by 2025 by injecting 36 billion won (US$32 million).

Quelle: YONHAB
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
 
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