Voraussichtlicher Zeitpunkt für russischen Venera-D Exploration Rover: 2025
Russia to send Venus exploration mission in 2025 — designer
"Initially, it was planned to realize the project in 2016, but now the year 2025 is a probable date,” Russia’s Venera-D exploration rover's designer Lavochkin NPO said
Russia’s Venera-D exploration rover that was initially planned to be sent to Venus in 2016 will be launched in 2025, according to a report prepared by the rover’s designer, Lavochkin NPO, for the Korolyov Readings in Moscow on January 27-30 that was made public on Monday.
“Russia’s federal space program for 2006-2015 that was drafted back in 2006 provided for a Venus mission project (Venera-D) — a long-lived orbiter and lander to explore Venus’ atmosphere and surface. Initially, it was planned to realize the project in 2016, but now the year 2025 is a probable date,” the document says.
In 2013, the Venera-D project consisted of an orbiter with an operational life of more than two years, a subsatellite, a Vega-type lander with a working life of three hours, and a long-lived station that was to operate on the surface for at least three days.
“Now, it is suggested to look at a possibility of concurrent operation of the Vega-type lander and a long-lived station with an active life of at least 24 hours and at extending the working life of the long-lived station to 100 hours,” the report says.
Venera-D's prime purpose is to make radar remote-sensing observations around the planet Venus in a manner similar to that of the Venera 15 and Venera 16 probes in the 1980s or the US Magellan in the 1990s. Venera-D will be the first Venus probe launched by Russia after the collapse of the former Soviet Union.
Russian, US experts suggest launching satellite and balloons as part of Venus space probe
The Venera-D mission might be launched in 2026
The Russian-American team that is fleshing out goals for a mission to Venus, known as Venera-D, suggest using a subsatellite with a mass no large than 120 kg and balloons as additional elements for the space probe, Roscosmos’ press service told on Friday.
"A subsatellite with a mass no large than 120kg for autonomous research and balloons of different construction for operation at an altitude of 50-55km in Venus’s atmosphere, as well as various payload proposed by the scientific community will be considered as additional elements for the space probe," the state corporation said.
It earlier emerged that the Venera-D mission might be launched in 2026.
According to previous reports, Roscosmos and NASA agreed to continue developing a joint mission to Venus in 2017-2018. The Russian side will present the Angara-A5 missile, an orbital module and a large lander for the mission, whereas Americans offer a number of devices and long-life small landers (up to 10kg).
The lander is to be dropped on the planet’s surface from Tesserae. It may be destroyed as Venus has a rocky landscape in these areas. However, it is here, on the place where the planet’s ancient surface is not covered by lava, that traces of past life may be discovered. Scientists also plan to study the greenhouse effect on the planet to avoid catastrophic heating of the Earth in the future.