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Raumfahrt - Erfolgreicher Start von Atlas-V mit TDRS-K-Satelliten

.13.01.2013

TDRS K spacecraft readied for launch

The first spacecraft in NASA's third generation of Tracking and Data Relay Satellites has been tested and fueled in preparation for its trek to orbit Jan. 29. Reporters and photographers got to see the craft Friday in the cleanroom facilities at the Astrotech complex in Titusville, Florida.

Technicians will mount the satellite atop the short pedestal-like adapter mechanism on Monday. The two halves of the rocket's nose cone, emblazoned with the hand-painted TDRS K and NASA logos, will encapsulate the satellite on Wednesday and Thursday in a two-day operation.

After being loaded aboard a transporter, the payload will be hauled across the river to Complex 41 next Saturday, Jan. 19 for hoisting into the Vertical Integration Facility and mating to the Atlas 5 rocket.

A thorough test of the combined systems between the Atlas and TDRS will follow, then technicians will finish closing out compartments and buttoning up the vehicle for flight.

The Launch Readiness Review is planned for 6:30 a.m. EST on Monday, Jan. 28 to give final approval for rollout of the rocket later in the morning, at 10 a.m., to Cape Canaveral's Complex 41 pad.

Liftoff remains scheduled for Tuesday, Jan. 29 at 8:52 p.m. EST.

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The first spacecraft in NASA's third generation of Tracking and Data Relay Satellites has been tested and fueled in preparation for its trek to orbit Jan. 29. Reporters and photographers got to see the craft Friday in the cleanroom facilities at the Astrotech complex in Titusville, Florida.

Meanwhile, the pre-flight schedule has been updated, with encapsulation now planned for next Wednesday and Thursday and mating the spacecraft to the Atlas 5 rocket now planned for next Saturday, Jan. 19.

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Update: 21.01.2013

A NASA communications satellite this morning was hoisted atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket in preparation for a launch planned a week from Tuesday from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
The launch is targeted fro 8:52 p.m. Jan. 29, the opening of a 40-minute window. 
The Tracking and Data Relay Satellite, called TDRS-K, moved to Launch Complex 41 from Astrotech's payload processing in Titusville. 
The satellite will join a constellation of seven in geostationary orbit that relay data and video to the ground from NASA missions flying in low Earth orbit, including the International Space Station and Hubble Space Telescope. 
The Boeing-built satellite is the first of three in an upgraded series featuring more powerful solar arrays and increased bandwidth.
Quelle: NASA
 
 
         
 
 
Update: 30.01.2013 
NASA data-relay spacecraft to launch Wednesday     
Rolling to the launch pad this morning, an Atlas 5 rocket now stands perched atop Cape Canaveral's Complex 41 to deploy a data-relay satellite to support the International
-Space Station, iconic Hubble Space Telescope and NASA's varied science satellites.
The Atlas 5 rocket emerges from its assembly building for rollout. Credit: James Murati/Bionetics Photo Services
 
The Tracking and Data Relay Satellite K, or TDRS K for short, will ride the two-stage booster into a geosynchronous transfer orbit Wednesday night, blasting off at 8:48 p.m. EST (0148 GMT).
Weather forecasters predict a 60 percent chance of acceptable conditions during the 40-minute launch window. A passing cold front bringing disturbed weather and gusty winds will be monitored closely.
Mission managers convened the Launch Readiness Review on Monday, assessing the status of work, remaining technical topics and weather outlook before granting approval for the rollout from the assembly building to the pad.
"The TDRS K launch campaign has gone very well to date," said Tim Dunn, the NASA launch director.
The mobile launch platform began rolling right on time at 10 a.m. EST Tuesday and was hard-down on the pad pedestals at 10:52 a.m. EST.
"We are exciting to go Wednesday. We are ready," said Jeff Gramling, NASA's TDRS project manager from the Goddard Space Flight Center.
This will be the first time NASA has launched one of its communications satellites since 2002, and this deployment begins the third-generation of TDRS spacecraft.
Created in 1973 and launching its first satellite in 1983, the system was conceived to provide constant communications with astronauts and science spacecraft circling the planet in low-Earth orbit. The TDRS design uses a constellation of geosynchronous satellites parked 22,300 miles above Earth to provide global coverage.
Looking down from that vantage point, the TDRS network receives signals from vehicles like the space station flying at a mere 250 miles and routes the telemetry, voice, video and science information to a dedicated ground terminal for delivery to Houston.
No matter where the space station is located at any given moment, TDRS has the outpost in sight for the two-way communications.
What's more, the dazzling views of the cosmos captured by the Hubble Space Telescope are relayed through TDRS, as are the measurements obtained by NASA's fleet of Earth-watching environmental satellites and astronomy birds peering into the universe. There's even telemetry-relay from ascending rockets that beam through the network, including the Atlas-Centaur vehicle carrying TDRS K.
The Atlas 5 rocket rolls into position at Complex 41. Credit: James Murati/Bionetics Photo Services
 
Despite retirement of the space shuttle orbiters, the demand for TDRS services has not waned. Just the contrary, project officials say, as the space agency sends up more and more science satellites that need their communications relayed.
"More satellites have been put on orbit, the user load goes up, so the requirements for the bandwidth and data services go up," said Paul Buchanan, TDRS deputy project manager and contracting officer.
"In the early 90s, we didn't have as many satellites," he added. "We forecast the user demand will be 5-10-15 years from now. We design for the future, not just today."
And with the shuttles no longer around to deliver supplies to the space station, international cargo ships like Europe's ATV and Japan's HTV freighters and commercial craft like the SpaceX Dragon and the Orbital Sciences Cygnus route their telemetry through TDRS.
"Even though the shuttle went away, the need to replenish station hasn't," Gramling said. "Comm bandwidth in space is much like comm bandwidth on the ground -- the demand never really goes down, people find more ways to want more data. In terms of the user loading, since we put the system online I don't think we've ever seen the demand go down."
The first generation of TDRS spacecraft, built by TRW as the system's A through G satellites, launched aboard 7 space shuttle missions between 1983 and 1995. One, however, was lost aboard Challenger in 1986.
Four of the six that went into operation remain in service today, well outlasting their 10-year design life.
A second generation, a batch of three made by Boeing and known as TDRS H, I and J, flew aboard Atlas 2A rockets between 2000 and 2002 to improve the capabilities of the system.
Now, Boeing is providing three more to replenish the constellation and keep it viable into the 2020s. TDRS K will be followed by identical sisters L next January and M in December 2015.
"The top-level requirements were fundamentally the same. We goosed up the performance of the services a little bit," Gramling said of the new-generation compared to the HIJ series.
But the decade between production runs meant massive reengineering of the new satellites to work around out-of-stock components from suppliers.
"Even though the requirements were not dramatically different, technology and parts availability had moved on and necessitated many of the units had to be replaced or redesigned. I think we ended up having to redesign all of the communications units on spacecraft just for obsolence reasons. On the bus-side, many of units that we had flown on HIJ series were unavailable and we had to make some design changes there as well," Gramling said.
"Even though looking at a picture of the spacecraft it looks almost the same but the guts are dramatically different."
And the solar arrays that power the third-generation satellites are the same size as their predecessors, but they have few solar cells than the previous generation. The improved efficiency of cell technology meant less were needed for the job.
The Atlas rocket and its Centaur upper stage will deliver TDRS K into a high-perigee geosynchronous transfer orbit. From there, the satellite will spend about 10 days maneuvering itself into a circular orbit 22,300 miles up to match Earth's rotation and appear parked at 150 degrees West longitude near Hawaii.
An extensive test and calibration period will be conducted on the satellite before NASA accepts possession of the craft from Boeing. Controllers then plan to drift it to 171 degrees West as it enters service under the redesignation of TDRS 11, Gramling said. 
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Quelle: NASA
 
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Update: 31.01.2013
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Tracking and Data Relay Satellite Launches
A United Launch Alliance Atlas V 401 rocket streaks away from Space Launch Complex 41 into the night sky over Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, carrying NASA's Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-K, TDRS-K, to orbit.
The TDRS-K spacecraft is part of the next-generation series in the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System, a constellation of space-based communication satellites providing tracking, telemetry, command and high-bandwidth data return services.
Photo credit: NASA/Glenn Benson
 
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Frams: Start-Video
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Quelle: NASA
 
 
 
 
 
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